Photographers - Disderi - Page 2

Historic Opera
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Gilbert-Louis Duprez (Paris: 6 Dec 1806 - Paris: 23 Sep 1896), French dramatic tenor. He studied at the Conservatoire in Paris under Alexandre Choron. He made his stage debut at the Odéon (1825). His early days met with little success so he went to Italy in 1828 to further his studies. After success in Italy he returned to Paris (1837) triumphantly with a secure high C as Arnold in Guillaume Tell. He was quite popular for several years until his voice began to waiver. As a result, Gustave Roger was instead chosen by Meyerbeer to create the role of Jean de Leyde in Le Prophete. After he retired from the stage he devoted himself to teaching. His most noted pupil was Caroline Carvalho who created Gounod's Juliette and Marguerite.  Caroline Duprez [ Mme. Van den Heuvel ] (Florence: 10 Apr 1832 - Pau [also given as Paris]: 17 Apr 187(4)5): French soprano, daughter of Gilbert-Louis Duprez (who outlived his daughter by 21 years). Supposedly her father said, “Never, no, never, during my life, shall my child become an artist like ourselves. We pay too dearly for our temporary triumphs.” She sang with her father in London and Paris. She made her debut at the Théâtre Italien in Paris in La Somnambula (1850). In Brussels (1851) she helped produce the world premiere of her father's opera, Joanita. At the Opéra-Comique she created the role of Angela in Marco Spada (21 Dec 1852). She also appeared in Lyon (1856-58), the Garnier Palace in 1860, Bordeaux, London, St. Petersburg, Théâtre Italien, and the Théâtre-Lyrique in Paris. She had a daughter, Simmonne Vandeu Heuvel who inherited her  mother’s gifts. 
                 Caroline Duprez
 G-L Duprez
 Andre Adolphe-Eugene Disderi: French photographer (1819 - 1889): He started off as a daguerreotypist in Brest as well as a photographer in Nimes. He opened a studio in 1854 and in that year he patented the carte-de-visite photograph. This new carte format became immensely popular and rapidly became a growing industry. He became the favorite photographer of Napoleon III's court. By 1861 Disdéri was reported to be the richest photographer in the world. In addition to his French accolades, he was appointed court photographer in England, Spain, and Russia. He opened an additional studio in London. However, by the 1860s there was a decline in the popularity of this format. Disdéri left Paris and opened portrait studios in Nice in the 1880s. Despite the wealth he attained, Disdéri died in a poorhouse.  Marie-Constance Sasse [also known as Sax or Sass] (26 Jan 1838 (or 1834) - 8 Nov 1907): Belgian soprano. Studied with Ugalde. Worked as a vocalist in cafés to support her family after her father died. One source has her debut Théâtre-Lyrique (1 Oct 1859) as the Countess in Les Noces de Figaro. Another source has her debut in Venice in 1852 as Gilda in Rigoletto. She created Selika of L'Africaine (seen above right) (28 Apr 1865), and Elizabeth in Don Carlos (11 Mar 1867). She was the first Paris Elisabeth in Tannhaüser (1861). She was well known for her temperament and it got her in trouble with Verdi who refused to let her create the role of Amneris in Aida because of it. She was married to bass Castlemary, who she later divorced. She used the stage name of Sax for awhile until Adolphe Sax, creator of the saxophone, forced her to drop the use of that name. She died in poverty. Mosaique of theatre italien featuring Ristori, Tamberlick, Alboni, Gardoni, Grisi, Mario, Penco, Borghi-Mamo,  Angelini, Nangier-Didiee, Grazziani, and Beaucarde.  
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              Charles Gounod
Enrico Tamberlik (Rome: 16 Mar 1820 - Paris: 13 Mar 1889): Italian (given as Romanian as well) tenor. Debut Rome (Dec 1837) as Arnold. Covent Garden regularly from 1950 to 1864, and again in 1870. NY, Paris, St. Petersburg, Madrid. Created Alvaro in la forza del destino. First London Manrico and Cellini. Charles Gounod: Composer of: Sapho, Faust, Philemon et Baucis, La colombe, La reine de Saba, Mireille, La nonne sanglante, Le medecin malgre lui, Romeo et Juliette, Conq-Mars, Polyeucte, Le tribut de Zamora, and Maitre Pierre (incomplete).