Enrico Caruso as the Duke in Rigoletto. Caruso made his Metropolitan Opera debut in this role on 23 Nov 1903. He went on to appear in 38 other operas, and 861 performances with that company. The New York Tribune's Henry Krehbiel wrote,"Rigoletto is not a tenor's opera . . . but Signor Caruso, the newcomer, did what he could to make it so. He was musically the finest Duke that New York has heard for a generation. . . . That 'La Donna e Mobile' was permitted to pass with but a single repetition was due to the apathy of the audience. He had a gratifying reception in the first act, however, though the honors of the evening went in greatest measure to Mme. Sembrich and Signor Scotti."Giuseppe Campanari.Zélie De Lussan: American mezzo-soprano (1861 - 1949): Debut (1884) Boston. Covent Garden (1895-1902). First performance of Falstaff at the Met. Married pianistAngeloFronani.Recordsrare:Victor,Beka.Boston born Bernice de Pasquali (1880-1925), originally Bernice James. She studied in Milan, and with Oscar Saenger in New York. She made her debut in Milan (1900) as Gilda in Rigoletto. She married Italian tenor Pietro de Pasquali who put together his own opera troupe, which included his wife as principal soprano. They toured the United States. Her Metropolitan Opera debut (1909) came when she replaced an ill Marcella Sembrich as Susanna in a performance of Le Nozze di Figaro. She remained at that House until 1917 as a principal coloratura soprano. For a performance of Aida (15 Jan 1910) she appeared as the Priestess under the pseudonym of Emma Laurier, a practice that singers applied when they chose not to haveabilling. Emma Eames: American (born in Shanghai) soprano (13 Aug 1865 - 13 Jun 1952): Debut Paris 1889 (Juliette, chosen by Gounod). Created Colombe (Ascanio), title role in De la Nux's Zaire.Andreas Dippel: German tenor/impresario (30 Nov 1866 - 12 May 1932): Debut Bremen (1887: Lionel in Martha). Had over 150 roles in his repertoire.Jean De Reszke [orig. Jan Mieczyslaw]: Polish tenor (14 Jan 1850 - 3 Apr 1925): Debut as baritone (1874: Turin). Debut as tenor (1879: Madrid) as title role in Robert le Diable. Paris premiere John the Baptist (Hérodiade). World premiere Le Cid. Covent Garden, Met.
Edouard De Reszke [orig. Edward Mieczyslaw]: Polish bass (22 Dec 1853 - 25 May 1917): Debut Paris premiere of Aida (1876: Verdi conducting); Created Ruben (Il figliuol prodigo), Gilberto (Maria Tudor), the King (Elda). He was in Poland during World War I. NewYorkTimes:31May1917-ObituaryExcerpt:“Since the outbreak of war there have been unverified reports that Edouard de Reszke was living in a state of destitution in Poland, although it was known here that his fortune was large. It was said that he was forced to live in a cellar without fuel as a result of the advance into Poland. This information was communicated to the Polish Relief Committee early in the war and was said to have become known through a letter which Edouard sent to his brother Jean, who lives in Paris.”Marie Engle, American soprano. She was the granddaughter of the French singer, Marie Stoll. She began her musical studies at the age of fourteen. Mapleson heard her and asked her father if she could join his company on tour. She made her debut in San Francisco as Filina in Mignon. She made her Metropolitan Opera debut on 23 Nov 1895 as Micaela in Carmen (with Calvé and Maurel). Engle was particularly noted for a bird-like trill.