(1-5) Bass-baritone Jean-François Delmas (1861-1933) made his debut (1886) as Saint-Bris in Les Huguenots at the Paris Opéra, and remained a member of that Company for his entire career—a remarkable 41 years. This imposing singer sang more than 40 new roles for the Opéra. A quick study, Delmas appeared in four new compositions, Astarté, Le Roi de Paris, Les Barbares, and Siegfried in 1901 alone!(6) French contralto Marie Delna (1875-1932) created no less than nine roles for the Opéra-Comique where she was a favorite with the audiences. However, even with those credentials, she was overshadowed by an enormous pool of talent when she made her only appearances at the Metropolitan Opera in 1910. Delna's debut (1892) took place at the Opéra-Comique as Dido in Les Troyens. At the age of eighteen she became France's first Charlotte in Werther, and later, the Opéra-Comique's first Dame Quickly in Falstaff. Some of her other creations for that House include Marion in La Vivandiere (1895), the title role in Orphée (1896), Zerline in Don Juan (1896), Fee Grignotte in Hänsel et Gretel (1900), Marianne in L'Ouragan (1901), and Vieille Tili in La Lépreuse (1912). There, too, she created the role of Marcelline in the world premiere of Bruneau's L'attaque du moulin. She sang this role in the Covent Garden (1894) and Metropolitan Opera (1910) premieres of this work. She also made appearances at the Monte Carlo Opera, La Monnaie in Brussels, La Scala, and the Grand Theatre de Parme. Delna originally announced her retirement in 1902 when she married M.A.H. de Saone, but within a year she returned to the Opéra-Comique to reprise the role of Marcelline. Even with her tremendously successful career, Delna died in a poorhouse. She was buried by the State. (7-10) Marcelle Demougeot (1876-1931) was born in Dijon and died in Paris. Her musical studies began in Dijon with Charles Laurent and then with Hettich at the Paris Conservatoire. She made her debut (17 Oct 1902) at the Palais Garnier as Donna Elvira in Don Giovanni. The presence of a strong and confident voice gave Management the opportunity to place her in important roles from the very beginning of her long and illustrious career at the Paris Opera. In the 1906 world premiere of Massenet's Ariane she created the role of Cypris. She became known as one of the foremost French interpreters of Wagner's operas. She created seven roles for the Paris Opéra, including Fricka in the first French L'Or du Rhin (Das Rheingold). At the time of the signing of the peace treaty of 1919, Madame Demougeot had the honor of singing La Marseillaise before one of the largest crowds ever gathered in the plaza in front of the Opéra. Demougeot also made appearances in Bordeaux, Monte Carlo, Nice, and Strasbourg. She retired in 1925 and became a singing instructor.